Cleveland International Film Festival } March 22 – April 1, 2023 } Playhouse Square

TO HAVE AND HAVE NOT

Year: 1944
Country: United States
Run Time: 100 minutes

TO HAVE AND HAVE NOT

Warners made TO HAVE AND HAVE NOT partly in an attempt to capitalize on the great popular success of the previous year's "Casablanca." Bogart, again supported by a remarkable multi-national cast of character actors, once more plays the detached individual forced into the fight against Fascism by reasons more idiosyncratically personal than conventionally political.



But the difference above all is that TO HAVE AND HAVE NOT is a Howard Hawks' film, one of the greatest of the '40s, and it is the unmistakable bearer of the director's vision. The film also gained deserved attention as the medium of the debut of Lauren Bacall, a model whose discovery is generally credited to Hawks' wife, Slim.



The plot is only nominally based on the Ernest Hemingway novel of the same name - it is wholly reworked by the Furthman-Faulkner-Hawks team. Bogart, of course, is the American expatriate, this time a professional fisherman named Harry Morgan working out of Vichy-controlled Martinique. He consistently declines commitment to the Free French course urged upon him by his friend the local hostelier (Marcel Dalio). "Minding my own business" is his unembarrassed credo up until the point at which his sense of self is directly confronted by what he sees happening to those close to him. As in "The Big Sleep" (1946), the motivation is provided by the distortion of the character's personal environment as a result of unexplainable external forces. His response is direct , spontaneous and organic; the meanings that Morgan derives from events arise from his attempts to encompass them within the context of his personal moral structure. But his efforts to interiorize what is essentially exterior cannot be entirely successful, and therein lies the central conflict of the film. (U.A.)

Screenplay
Jules Furthman and William Faulkner (from a novel by Ernest Hemingway)

Producer
Howard Hawks and Jack L. Warner

Cinematography
Sid Hickox

Editing
Christian Nyby

Principal Cast
Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall, Walter Brennan, Hoagy Carmichael, Sheldon Leonard, Marcel Dalio, Dan Seymour

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